The State Hermitage Museum



The State Hermitage Museum (St. Petersburg, Russia) has the best collection in the world. There can be counted near 3 million of artworks and monuments in the world culture. It includes – paintings, sculptures, graphic arts, archeological finds and many other interesting materials. The main residence of the Hermitage is situated in the very centre of Russia. It contains also the Winter Palace, which was the residence of Russian emperors, buildings of Small, Old and New Hermitage, the Hermitage Theater and the Reserve House. The Palace of Menshikov and the eastern part of the Main headquarter building are added in the museum complex, the restoration centre called “The Old Village”, and the museum of the Emperor ceramic plant. Collections of the Hermitage are precious, the represent such a rare uniqueness, that is interesting for many people of different countries, ages and nationalities.

Nowadays collections are gathered into 5 different buildings. For example, the Winter Palace is a beautiful place that differs from the other buildings by its luxury and refinement. It has been an Emperor residence for over 150 years. The Small Hermitage is situated near the Winter Palace; it was built especially for placing artistic collections. The New Hermitage is the first museum building in Russia, which was built by a special project. Its entrance is decorated with 10 sculptures, which were created in centuries but still keep one design and look of St. Petersburg. The Hermitage was built in 1764; the first collection of foreign painters has appeared there, later there were added sculptures, ceramic works, coins, beautiful fretwork stones, tapestries, carpets, furniture, jewelleries, medals, paintings and many others. What is the most interesting is that only originals are kept here. The section of monuments includes paintings, sculptures, and graphic. In more than 100 halls works from Italy, Germany, France, Holland, England, Spain and the others are gathered. Here are also represented works of Leonardo Da Vinci, Rubens, Raphael and many others. In section of history, culture and art you can lead the transformation of people and their life since the ancient Lithic Age to Bronze Age.

There are also showed ancient armaments, clothes, carpets, things made of gold. It contains the rarest things you can ever find since ancient times. Here are more than 140.000 monuments – ancient examples of writing, paintings, frescoes of Ancient Egypt, monuments of Pharaohs. The main value also represents paintings that were found while archeological excavations of ancient Russian cities and villages, they brought us the knowledge of culture and life of Ancient Russia. The most beautiful section is supposed to be the floor that is made of frescoes and mosaic in Mihaloisko-Zlatoverhi Abbey, here are added also examples of stone fretwork, jewelleries and collection of icons. Exposition showes us also the history of Moscow in 15-17th centuries, documents, books, medical instruments, navigation and artillery can tell us about reforms that took place in Russia in Petrovsky age. Art works, paintings, sculptures, graphic works, prints and frescoes can tell us about development at those times, that reflect the main events of the North War, that lasted for 21 years, and the building of St. Patersburg. The main impression you can get by entering halls of Winter Palace, Petrovskiy hall is devoted to the memory of Petr the First, picturesque panels depict him and his fightings. Here are also depicted arms gathered all over Russia. Here is also a gallery of 1812 year where more than 300 portraits of generals and participants of the Great Patriotic War are shown.

A Large throne room is the most beautiful attraction you can meet, it is decorated with white marble and gilded bronze, the floor has the similar look as the ceiling, the main territory of the hall is 800 sq. meters, and all the halls were designed with malachite. The Hermitage is the world famous museum. More than 3.5 million of people visit it every year. It is the best gallery of Russia, it represents the world art and is supposed to be one of the best artistic museums in the world. The Hermitage is the best attraction of St. Petersburg. It was built when Catherine the Great bought 255 paitings from Berlin, nowadays there are more than 2 million of paitings that gathered there and depict art of different countries and nationalities. It is said that if you will spend by a minute at one of all the paitings in the Hermitage, it can take you 11 years to look all. So if once you decided to visit the State Hermitage Museum in St.Petersburg, Russia do not have doubts about it. You can get unforgettable impressions and get many interesting knowledges, learn and discover many unusual and unknown facts for you, you can discover things you have never known about. Moreover, you can learn about art, history, culture and life of different countries and in differnet times.

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